On the evening of February 4, Private William W. Grayson—a sentry of the 1st Nebraska Volunteer Infantry Regiment—fired the first shots of the war at the corner of Sociego and Silencio Streets, in Santa Mesa.
This rang the bell for the Battle of Manila.
The Battle of Manila, the first and largest battle of the Philippine–American War, was fought on February 4–5, 1899, between 19,000 American soldiers and 15,000 Filipino armed militiamen. Armed conflict broke out when American troops, under orders to turn away insurgents from their encampment, fired upon an encroaching group of Filipinos. Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo attempted to broker a ceasefire, but American General Elwell Stephen Otis rejected it and fighting escalated the next day. It ended in an American victory, although minor skirmishes continued for several days afterward.
The National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP), in coordination with the City of Manila and other national and local government agencies will conduct a simple program commemorating the 122nd anniversary of the First Shot of Philippine-American War on 4 February 2021, 8:00 a.m., at Sociego St. cor. Silencio St., Sampaloc, Manila.
The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) will conduct the ceremonial singing of the National Anthem and the wreath-laying activity. The program will be led by Manila Mayor Francisco “Isko Moreno” Domagoso, Philippine Veterans Affairs Office (PVAO) Administrator Ernesto G. Carolina, ACT Teachers Party List Congresswoman France L. Castro, National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) Executive Director Restituto L. Aguilar, former representative Antonio Tinio, and Barangay 586 Chairman Danilo B. Tibay.
The NHCP is the national government agency mandated to promote and preserve Philippine historical heritage through research and publication, conservation, marking of historic sites and structures, and administration of national shrines and museums.