We conducted our own examination of the ballot ticket counting process, from preparation to transmission through the vote-counting machines for encoding, which then feeds the partial and unofficial counting.
This is how it went after we asked some volunteers and poll watchers in our polling precinct.
Voters submit their ballots to the VCM after filling them out and reviewing them. The VCM will issue a receipt ticket. Before placing the receipt in the ballot box, the voter must ensure that the information on the receipt corresponds to the information on the ballot paper.
The receipt will be electronically transmitted to the COMELEC’s transparency servers. The precincts must also print the Election Returns, or ER. The ER is a document produced directly by the counting or voting machine that shows the date of the election, the province, municipality, and precinct in which it is held, as well as the votes in figures for each candidate in each precinct in areas where votes were cast.
The readings must yield the same results as the national average, but the ratio may differ slightly.
Each of the 107,785 clustered precincts must print thirty ER copies. For the sake of transparency, COMELEC must provide a fourth copy to the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV). PPCRV will send all copies it obtains to its command centers.
All of these procedures must be completed immediately after the polls close in various precincts. The counting of partial results must begin the following day, or as soon as the ER are encoded. The speed with which the physical ER copies are manually encoded will determine the results. The encoded ER will reflect the percentages of winning candidates based on the regions it came from.
The ER will be thoroughly scrutinized by COMELEC and election monitors stationed at various command centers. Some of the verified votes will be provided by COMELEC’s transparency servers, while others will be provided by PPCRV.
We are given partial and unofficial election returns based on the number of ER transmitted from all clustered precincts. As of 2:47 p.m. on May 13, 2022, Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos had 31,104,175 votes to Vice President Leni Robredo’s 14,822,051.
What are the possible causes of electoral fraud?
We can’t say if there was fraud in the recent election because, in general, voting was peaceful throughout the country, and there were no major reports of untoward incidents aside from VCM operation delays and SD card issues.
However, if there is any fraud, the following will be the source of the problems:
1 . If the electronic transmission of ER from VCM to COMELEC was compromised.
2 . Violent incidents during the election day.
3 . Change of ballot receipts (which we find would be very hard since the tickets are handed over to the voter personally).
The above are just our afterthoughts of the source if there are any electoral frauds to occur.
Going back to the partial and unofficial election results, Marcos is leading his opponent by a wide margin, and it would be extremely difficult for the number of votes that Robredo is receiving to overtake him.
The Philippines will proclaim its 17th President in a matter of days, and by all accounts, the majority has already spoken, and victory is imminent.